Project Management Professional (PMP) is the world leading accreditation for project managers with more than 850,000 certified professionals around the world. It is presented by the Project Management Institute (www.pmi.org).
PMI prepares and updates a book describing PMI's project management standard derived from best practices in project management around the world and over the years. The book is called PMBOK and its latest edition is 6. You can order the book from amazon.com at the following link A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge: PMBOK® Guide.
To be certified PMP , you need to master five process groups along with ten knowledge areas as specified in the PMBOK.
In which stakeholders are defined andproject charter get approved
Project Planning Process Group: Where the project management plan and its subsidiary plans for scope, time, cost, quality, HR, communication, risk and procurement are developed
Project Execution Process Group: Where the project deliverables are build
Project Monitoring and Controlling Process Group: Where work is monitored and controlled. This covers changes, scope, cost quality, HR, communication, risk and procurement
Project Closing Process Group: At the end the project will need professional closing wither because of completion or termination
Integration Management knowledge area: The project manager and team need to ensure project components are integrated, that it starts with a project charter, has a project management plan, execution is managed and directed, monitoring and controlling is in place, changes are managed effectively, and closing is done professionally.
Scope Management knowledge area: The project requirements should be picked, the scope needs be defined and the WBS should be created. Then the scope need be monitored and controlled all over the project.
Schedule Management knowledge area: Time management skills including resource and activity estimation techniques are needed to develop the project schedule then implementing and controlling it over the project.
Cost Management knowledge area: Cost estimation, budget determination and cost controlling skills and techniques are needed.
Quality Management knowledge area: Quality assurance and quality control techniques and skills are planned and implemented all over the project.
Resources Management knowledge area: Human Resources are one of the main factors of the project success. They need be planned, developed and managed for successful results. Many people poses high quality technical skills but when we come to people management, they fail due to lack of the skills and techniques in this fields.
Communication Management knowledge area: Communication is one of the most important activities a project manager and team makes. You need different communication skills to be a successful project manager.
Risk Management knowledge area This is the area: Which is new to most of the PMP course attendees. It evolves identification of risks and making qualitative and quantitative analysis, planning responses, as well as controlling risks over the project.
Procurement Management knowledge area: Not every project needs procurement but the majority do. The project manager and his team needs to know how to identify which products need be purchased, how to create RFP or similar documents, collect proposals, use negotiation skills to award the contract. Hence contract types need be mastered, and much more skills
Stakeholder Management knowledge area: This knowledge area was added in the fifth edition of the PMBOK. You will need to identify stakeholders, manage and control their engagements in the project and this is one of the most important fields in project management.
Social Responsibility of the project manager is also insisted in the test.
The exam is a four-hours-multiple-choice exam of which most questions present you a situation which needs your best decision selected from the four provided choices.
Official and latest data about this exam can be found at the above mentioned PMI website.
To sit for the test you will need 3 years experience as a Project Manager or any similar project management leadership position within the last 8 years from the date of application.
You will also need 35 hours training in project management.
You may select one of the test preparation material (books, DVDs, etc) to prepare for this test. However, all of these are based on the PMBOK. My selection for the preparation material is Rita Mulcahy's PMP Preparation edition 9, which you can buy from amazon.com or any book seller.
You may also need an exam simulator like PM Fast Track V9 by Rita Mulcahy, and solve enough questions (I suggest not less than 1000 practice questions).
I hope you got the most brief introduction to PMP in this One Minute Tutorial.
If you need detailed information about PMP, you may visit the PMI link at www.PMI.org, then click the handbook link.